Failed to meet World 2020 mental health goals: WHO


New Delhi:
According to the World Health Organization, at a time when the COVID-19 pandemic is highlighting a growing need for mental health support, the world has missed most of the 2020 mental health goals, and is unable to provide the mental health services people need. has failed. This WHO report was released on Friday.

The Mental Health Atlas report, released ahead of World Mental Health Day on October 10, includes data from 171 countries. This shows that despite the focus on mental health in recent years, there has yet to be an increase in the scale of quality mental services that are commensurate with the needs.

In 2020, only 51 percent of WHO’s 194 member states reported that their mental health policy or plan was in line with international and regional human rights instruments, well below the target 80 percent.

Only 52 percent of countries met targets related to mental health promotion and prevention programs, yet 80 percent fell well short of the target.

The report, released every three years, stated that a 10 percent reduction in suicide rates was the only goal, but even so, only 35 countries had a stand-alone prevention strategy, policy and plan.

WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said that it is deeply worrying that despite the clear and growing need for mental health services, good intentions are not being met with investment.

He said that we should heed this wake-up call and dramatically accelerate the scale of investment in mental health, because without mental health there would be no health.

On the other hand, steady progress was seen in the adoption of mental health policies, plans and laws.

However, the percentage of government health budget spent on mental health is still around 2 per cent. And only 25 percent of countries meet all criteria for integration of mental health into primary care.

But, in 2020, about 80 percent of countries have covered multiple mental health conditions in national health insurance or reimbursement plans.

In addition, there was a slight increase in the global average number of mental health workers per 100,000 population, from nine workers in 2014 to 13 workers per 100,000 population in 2020, with the number in high-income countries compared to low-income countries. was 40 times higher.

The report said that in 2013, the WHO endorsed a comprehensive mental health action plan and goals for 2020, which have now been extended to 2030.

The report also said that it includes new targets for mental health and psychosocial support to be included in emergency preparedness plans, integration of mental health into primary health care, and research on mental health.

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